Glossary

amisecha/amecha

literally means your nation/with your nation and includes any person that has not done anything to be excluded from the Jewish nation. as long as he is in this category it is forbidden to speak loshon hora/rechilus about him.

am haaretz

literally means nation of the earth. an ignorant person.

apikores

one who denies any part of the torah

beis hamikdosh

temple

beis din

a jewish court

chazal

chochomim zichrono livrocho (our sages of blessed memory)

d’oraisa

a law from the torah

d’rabbonon

a law from our sages

g’dolei hador

torah leaders of the generation

hagah

note

hakdama

introduction

heter

permissible

kinat haemes

zealous for the truth. one does not agree with what the subject did.

klal

chapter

midah/midos

character trait(s)

mitzvah

a commandment from the torah

ploni almoni, plonit almonit

so-and-so

sefer

book

se’ef; plural: se’efim

paragraph

shabbos

sabbath

talmid chochom

literally means a student of wisdom. a torah scholar.

torah

five books of moses